This document describes a procedure for the determination of the following antidegradants in vulcanized rubbers: —   aminoketone group; —   naphthylamine group; —   diphenylamine group; —   p-phenylenediamine; —   monophenol group. The groups of antidegradants are summarized in Table A.1 with the chemical names, the abbreviated terms and the CAS registry numbers. Extender oils, when present, can interfere. For poly-2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline, the method provid...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      17 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      18 pages
      French language
    • sale 15% off
    • Draft
      17 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Draft
      20 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for determining the glass transition temperature, Tg, of vulcanized rubbers in the hardness range from 30 IRHD to 80 IRHD. The dynamic properties are measured via temperature sweep in sinusoidal deformation at a defined strain and frequency and Tg is determined from the peak in the tan δ versus temperature curve. Glass transition temperature, Tg, determined in this way serves the purpose of a guideline to the service temperature of the material.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      11 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      12 pages
      French language
    • sale 15% off
    • Draft
      11 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Draft
      11 pages
      French language

This document specifies a static procedure, known as the Gehman test, for determining the relative stiffness characteristics of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubbers over a temperature range from room temperature to approximately −120 °C.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      16 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      16 pages
      French language
    • sale 15% off
    • Draft
      16 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Draft
      16 pages
      French language

This document establishes a vocabulary of and is limited to those terms in general use throughout the rubber industry. It does not define terms intended for particular rubber products, some of which are given in the vocabulary standards listed in the Bibliography. It does not define terms that are generally understood or adequately defined in other readily available sources such as general dictionaries. The terms are listed in the alphabetical order of the English terms, with an index to the cor...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      67 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      69 pages
      French language
    • sale 15% off
    • Draft
      67 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Draft
      70 pages
      French language

This document specifies: — the physical and chemical tests on raw rubbers, and — the standardized materials, a standardized test formulation, equipment, and processing methods for evaluating the vulcanization characteristics of all types of isobutene-isoprene rubber (IIR).

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      11 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      12 pages
      French language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      12 pages
      French language
    • sale 15% off
    • Draft
      11 pages
      English language

This document specifies: — the physical and chemical tests on raw rubbers; — the standard materials, standard test formulations, equipment, and processing methods for evaluating the vulcanization characteristics of ethylene-propylene-diene rubbers (EPDM), including oil-extended types.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      13 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      16 pages
      French language

This document specifies: — the physical and chemical tests on raw rubbers; — the standard materials, standard test formulations, equipment, and processing methods for evaluating the vulcanization characteristics of styrene-butadiene rubber masterbatches with carbon black or with carbon black and oil.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      10 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      10 pages
      French language

This document specifies, for acrylonitrile-butadiene rubbers (NBRs): — physical and chemical tests on raw rubbers; — standard materials, a standard test formulation, equipment and processing methods for evaluating the vulcanization characteristics. The mixing preferred method is the single stage mixing with LIM (laboratory internal mixer).

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      10 pages
      English language

This document establishes guidelines for the specification of vulcanized rubber based on the properties of individual rubber types. This document helps users of rubber products, who are not rubber experts, to create a specification for the rubber materials they wish to use. It also describes a designation system to enable a line call-cut code to be devised for each specification. Since the properties of rubber depend on the type of rubber, such as composition, some rubbers are classified into se...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Technical report
      38 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Technical report
      41 pages
      French language
    • sale 15% off
    • Draft
      38 pages
      English language

This document specifies a method using a differential scanning calorimeter to determine the glass transition temperature of raw rubber and rubber latex.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      11 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Draft
      11 pages
      English language

This document specifies a method for determining the pre-vulcanization characteristics of compounded rubber. The pre-vulcanization characteristics determined by this method provide a means of estimating how long compounded rubber can be maintained at high temperatures and remain processable.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      9 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      9 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method of test for measuring the force required to separate, by stripping, two plies of fabric bonded with rubber, or a rubber layer and a fabric ply bonded together. The method is applicable when the ply surfaces are approximately plane or when they are in the form of a cylinder having an internal diameter greater than approximately 50 mm. The method is not applicable when the ply surfaces contain sharp bends, angles or other gross irregularities which cannot be exclud...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      8 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      9 pages
      French language

This document specifies a test based on hardness measurements for determining the progressive stiffening of rubber with time, caused by crystallization. It is limited to materials having an initial hardness at a test temperature of from 10 IRHD to 85 IRHD. The method is applicable to raw, unvulcanized (compounded) and vulcanized rubber. It is mainly of interest for rubber with a marked crystallization tendency at temperatures experienced in cold climates, such as chloroprene and natural rubber. ...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      11 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      11 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for the identification of polymers, or blends of polymers, in raw rubbers and in vulcanized or unvulcanized compounds from pyrograms (pyrolysis-gas chromatographic patterns) obtained under the same conditions. This allows qualitative identification of single rubbers or blends, with exceptions discussed below. This document is not intended for quantitative analysis. The method applies first and foremost to single polymers. When the pyrogram indicates a characteris...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      50 pages
      English language

This document specifies three methods for estimating the staining of organic finishes (subsequently referred to as "organic material") by vulcanized or thermoplastic rubber, as defined in Clause 3: — method A: contact staining and migration staining; — method B: extraction staining; — method C: penetration staining;

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      10 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      11 pages
      French language

This document provides a qualitative method for the identification of rubbers by their pyrolysis products using tandem gas-chromatography/mass spectrometry. The method applies to rubbers in the raw state and to unvulcanized and vulcanized compounds. Compounds can be based on a single rubber or a blend of two or more rubbers. Where the level of a particular rubber in a blend is A non-restrictive list of rubbers is given in Clause 4.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      16 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      16 pages
      French language

This document specifies methods for the determination of chlorine and/or bromine present in raw rubber as well as vulcanized or unvulcanized rubber compounds. The methods are applicable to natural rubbers and to the following synthetic rubbers: isoprene, styrene-butadiene, butadiene, butyl, halogenated butyl, nitrile, ethylene-propylene, chloroprene and epichlorohydrin.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      20 pages
      English language

This document specifies an atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the zinc content of rubbers. The method is applicable to raw rubber and rubber products having zinc contents at a minimum of 0,05 % (mass fraction). Zinc contents below this limit can be determined, provided that suitable adjustments are made to the mass of the test portion and/or to the concentrations of the solutions used. The use of the standard additions method might lower the bottom limit of detection...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      11 pages
      English language

This document specifies an atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the lead content of rubbers. The method is applicable to raw rubber and rubber products. There is no limit to the concentration of lead that can be determined. High or low concentrations can be determined, provided that suitable adjustments are made to the mass of the test portion and/or the concentration of the solutions used. The use of the standard-additions method might lower the bottom limit of detect...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      10 pages
      English language

This document specifies two methods for the determination of the compression set characteristics of vulcanized and thermoplastic rubbers at low temperatures. Method 1 derives from the methodology used in ISO 815-1. Method 2 uses a specified testing device, allowing to measure and record the test piece thickness during recovery. Due to the load applied during recovery in method 2, no correlation can be established between the results given by both methods. NOTE When rubber is held under compressi...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      20 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      21 pages
      French language

This document specifies methods for the determination of the compression set characteristics of vulcanized and thermoplastic rubbers at ambient (one method) or elevated temperatures (three methods, A, B, and C, depending on the way the test piece is released at the end of the test). The methods are intended to measure the ability of rubbers of hardness within the range 10 IRHD to 95 IRHD to retain their elastic properties at specified temperatures after prolonged compression at constant strain (...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      14 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      16 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for the determination of the temperature-retraction characteristics of stretched vulcanized rubber. This document does not cover thermoplastic rubbers, as many thermoplastic elastomers have a yield point in the range of 5 % to 20 % elongation.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      13 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      14 pages
      French language

This document specifies two procedures for determining the decrease in counterforce exerted by a test piece of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubber which has been compressed to a constant deformation and maintained thus at a predetermined test temperature. The counterforce can be determined either by means of a continuous-measurement system or by a discontinuous-measurement one. Two test methods are specified, method A and method B. In method A the compression and all measurements of counterforce ...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      14 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      14 pages
      French language

This document specifies two methods for determining the decrease in counterforce exerted by a test piece of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubber which has been compressed to a constant deformation and then undergoes temperature cycling. Method A: The temperature is cycled at intervals between a high temperature for ageing and a low temperature for checking the sealing force at this low temperature. Method B: The temperature is cycled continuously between a high temperature and a low temperature to...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      14 pages
      English language

This document specifies a method for the determination of creep in vulcanized rubber continuously subjected to compressive or to shear forces. The standard cannot be used for intermittent deformation of rubber.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      19 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      19 pages
      French language

This document specifies chromatographic methods for the determination of the inorganic free sulfur (Sx) not consumed during the vulcanization of the rubber. This method is used primarily to compare the free sulfur content in different samples. NOTE 1 In this document, "free sulfur" is used instead of "inorganic free sulfur". NOTE 2 The residual curing agent containing sulfur is not concerned by this measure.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      17 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      19 pages
      French language

This document specifies a number of methods of determining the dimensional changes in test pieces of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubber during and after tensile loading for relatively short periods under constant elongation or constant loading. The constant-elongation test is intended to measure the ability of rubbers to retain their elastic properties after extension, at a standard laboratory temperature, to a specified strain which is maintained for a specified time at the same or at a specifi...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      13 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      15 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for the determination of the adhesive strength of a vulcanized or thermoplastic rubber bonded to a rigid substrate, using a test piece comprising a strip of rubber bonded to a single plate of rigid material. The test is carried out at a peel angle of 90°. The method is applicable primarily to test pieces prepared in the laboratory under standard conditions, such as can be used to provide data for the choice of rubber compounds or adhesive systems, the development...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      10 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      10 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for the determination of the volume and the surface resistivity of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubbers. The method can be applied to materials with a resistivity from 101 Ω⋅m to 1017 Ω⋅m.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      18 pages
      English language

This document specifies a method for the determination of the insulation resistance of vulcanized and thermoplastic rubbers without discrimination between the volume and surface resistances involved. This method is applicable only to the test pieces with a resistance greater than 108 Ω. NOTE Methods of test for test pieces with a lower resistance are described in ISO 1853 and ISO 2878. Because the test pieces are simply and easily prepared, this method is particularly useful for rapidly determin...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      11 pages
      English language

This document specifies, for general-purpose non-oil-extended, solution-polymerized polyisoprene rubbers (IR): — physical and chemical tests on raw rubbers; — standard materials, a standard test formulation, equipment and processing methods for evaluating the vulcanization characteristics.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      14 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      15 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for the determination of the gas transmission rate and gas permeability coefficient of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubber under conditions in which the overall pressure on each side of the rubber test piece is the same, using gas chromatography to determine the quantity of gas that permeates through the rubber. The method applies to vulcanized and thermoplastic rubbers of hardness not less than 35 IRHD (international rubber hardness degrees) and to both single ga...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      8 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      8 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method of preparing samples from vulcanized rubber for use in chemical tests.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      2 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      2 pages
      French language

This document specifies an atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the magnesium content of natural rubber latex concentrate, raw natural rubber and products made from natural rubber.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      9 pages
      English language

This document specifies a constant-stress flexometer test for the determination of the temperature rise and resistance to fatigue of vulcanized rubbers. Many rubber products, such as tyres and belts, are tested by subjecting them to an oscillating load with a constant peak stress amplitude. In order to obtain good correlation between accelerated tests and in-service exposure of these products, this document gives instructions for carrying out measurements under such conditions. This method is no...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      20 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      19 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for determining the indentation hardness (Shore hardness) of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubber using durometers with the following scales: — the A scale for rubbers in the normal-hardness range; — the D scale for rubbers in the high-hardness range; — the AO scale for rubbers in the low-hardness range and for cellular rubbers; — the AM scale for thin rubber test pieces in the normal-hardness range.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      15 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      16 pages
      French language

This document provides guidance on the determination of the hardness of vulcanized and thermoplastic rubbers. It is intended to provide an understanding of the significance of hardness as a material property and to assist in the selection of an appropriate test method.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      5 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      5 pages
      French language

This document specifies procedures for the calibration and verification of durometers of types A, D, AO and AM (see ISO 48-4), IRHD pocket meters (see ISO 48-5), IRHD dead-load instruments (see ISO 48-2) and dead-load instruments using the very low rubber hardness scale (see ISO 48-3).

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      20 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      19 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for determining the indentation hardness of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubber by means of a pocket hardness meter calibrated in IRHD. The use of such meters is primarily intended for control, not specification, purposes (for specification, see ISO 48-2). It is possible to increase precision by fixing the pocket hardness meter on a support.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      5 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      6 pages
      French language

This document specifies a dead-load method for the determination of the hardness of very soft vulcanized or thermoplastic rubbers using the very low rubber hardness (VLRH) scale. The relation between the depth of penetration and the VLRH scale is linear.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      10 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      9 pages
      French language

This document specifies four methods for the determination of the hardness of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubbers on flat surfaces (standard-hardness methods) and four methods for the determination of the apparent hardness of curved surfaces (apparent-hardness methods). The hardness is expressed in international rubber hardness degrees (IRHD). The methods cover the hardness range from 10 IRHD to 100 IRHD. These methods differ primarily in the diameter of the indenting ball and the magnitude of t...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      23 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      23 pages
      French language

This document establishes a general framework and considerations for assessing the environmental fate of tyre tread chemical additives in cured polymer and tyre and road wear particles (TRWP) throughout a tyre lifecycle. This document is applicable to laboratory-generated TRWP from cured tread polymer of known composition. Testing strategies are described for assessing the environmental fate and transport of tyre chemicals in the following processes that can occur during the tyre lifecycle: a) t...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Technical specification
      13 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Technical specification
      13 pages
      French language

This document specifies an atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the iron content of rubbers. The method is applicable to raw rubber, rubber products and latex having iron contents of 5 mg/kg to 1 000 mg/kg. Higher concentrations can be determined, provided that suitable adjustments are made to the mass of the test portion and/or the concentrations of the solution used.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      11 pages
      English language

This document specifies three methods for the determination of ash from raw rubbers, compounded rubbers and vulcanizates. The methods are applicable to raw, compounded or vulcanized rubbers of the M, N, O, R and U families described in ISO 1629, except that: — Method A is not used for the determination of ash from compounded or vulcanized rubbers containing chlorine, bromine or iodine; — Method B is used for compounded or vulcanized rubbers containing chlorine, bromine or iodine. It shall not be...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      7 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      7 pages
      French language

This document specifies two methods for the determination of ash from raw rubbers, compounded rubbers and vulcanizates using a thermogravimetric analyser (TGA). The methods are applicable to raw, compounded or vulcanized rubbers of the M, O, R and U families described in ISO 1629: — Method A is applicable for the determination of the ash from raw rubbers. — Method B is applicable for the determination of the ash from compounded or vulcanized rubbers. The methods are not applicable for the determ...view more

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      7 pages
      English language

This document provides an introduction to the determination of vulcanization characteristics of rubber compounds by means of curemeters.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      14 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      14 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for determining selected vulcanization characteristics of a rubber compound by means of an oscillating disc curemeter. The introduction to the use of curemeters is described in ISO 6502‑1.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      13 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      14 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for determining selected vulcanization characteristics of a rubber compound by means of a rotorless curemeter. The introduction to the use of curemeters is given in ISO 6502‑1.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      20 pages
      English language
    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      21 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for the rapid determination of the plasticity of raw rubber and unvulcanized compounded rubber. It is applicable to the determination of the plasticity retention index (PRI) as specified in ISO 2930.

    • sale 15% off
    • Standard
      7 pages
      English language